Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA®)

The CFA® consists of three levels of exams including an extensive amount of studying over a course of several years. Each exam typically requires candidates to study in excess of 300 hours. To receive a CFA® designation, each candidate must pass all three exams and have three years of qualified work experience in investment decision-making. Each six-hour exam covers topics including ethics and professional standards, quantitative methods, economics, financial reporting and analysis, corporate finance, equity investments, derivatives, alternative investments, portfolio management, and wealth planning. The CFA Institute reports historical pass rates for Level I and Level II of the exams are typically between 40% and 50% with Level III having a slightly higher pass rate.

www.cfainstitute.org

Certified Financial Planner (CFP®)

CFP® professionals must meet rigorous education, examination, experience, and ethical requirements, also known as the “Four E’s”.

  • Education – Two main parts include: completion of CFP Board-approved coursework, and a bachelor’s degree in any discipline from an accredited college or university.
  • Examination – The CFP® comprehensive certification exam is a 170-question, multiple-choice test consisting of two 3-hour sessions over one day. The exam includes stand-alone and scenario-based questions, as well as questions associated with case studies.
  • Experience – Complete at least three years of full-time financial planning experience or equivalent measured at 2,000 hours per year.
  • Ethics – Agree to adhere to high ethical and professional standards for the practice of financial planning, and to act as a fiduciary when providing financial advice to clients, always putting their best interests first.

CFP® professionals are required to complete 30 hours of continuing education (CE) each reporting period: 2 hours of CFP Board approved Ethics CE, and 28 hours of CE covering one or more of CFP Board’s Principal Topics. The CE requirement is effective immediately upon initial certification.

CFP Board is committed to setting and enforcing ethical standards that benefit the public. As part of CFP® certification, all CFP® professionals commit to uphold the high standards outlined in the Code of Ethics and Standards of Conduct. And the steps CFP Board has taken to enforce the Code and Standards — including releasing public disciplinary information — distinguishes CFP® certification from other credentials in the financial services profession. CFP Board’s Code of Ethics and Standards of Conduct requires CFP® professionals to uphold the principles of integrity, objectivity, competence, fairness, and confidentiality. They make a commitment to put their clients’ interests first at all times when providing financial advice. This designation requires 30 hours of continuing education every two years and renewing an agreement to be bound by the standards of professional conduct.

www.cfp.net

Certified Public Accountant (CPA)

A certified public accountant (CPA) in today’s environment must not only have a high level of technical competence and a sense of commitment to service, but must also have good communications and analytical skills, and the ability to work well with people. Employers are looking for individuals who have the ability to analyze and evaluate complex business problems and the interpersonal skills and maturity to make decisions in a client- and customer-service environment.

To obtain the required body of knowledge and to develop the skills and abilities needed to be successful CPAs, students should complete 150 semester hours of education. Many states/jurisdictions now require or will require 150 semester hours of education for obtaining the CPA license. Colleges and universities in these states/jurisdictions determine the curriculum for pre-licensure education of CPAs; it typically features a good balance of accounting, business, and general education.

www.aicpa.org

Certified Valuation Analyst (CVA®)

Business valuation is the “Gold Rush” of the century. 10 million small businesses will change hands over the next 10 years. CVA®’s can confidently advise their clients if they come faced with these issues.

  • An opportunity arises to sell or merge the business.
  • They are faced with transitioning the business to family members or other partners.
  • They are looking to expand the business and need to secure capital.
  • They are taking on new partners and need to determine buy-in price.
  • They are reaching retirement and considering an exit strategy.
  • Business partners or shareholders are exiting, requiring the business to be divided or dissolved.
  • They are embroiled in financial litigation.
  • They want to focus their energy to grow company value.

NACVA’s globally recognized Certified Valuation Analyst (CVA) designation is the most widely recognized business valuation credential and the only business valuation credential accredited by the National Commission for Certifying Agencies® (NCCA®) and the American National Standards Institute® (ANSI®). Qualifications for CVA Certification for CPAs: Hold an active, valid, and unrevoked CPA license issued by a legally constituted state authority.

www.nacva.com

Certified Trust and Fiduciary Advisor (CTFA)

The Certified Trust and Fiduciary Advisor (CTFA) certification is obtained by successfully completing an exam administered by the American Bankers Association (ABA) Institute of Certified Bankers (ICB). As a prerequisite to sit for the exam, individuals must meet one of the following requirements: three years of wealth management experience and complete an ICB-approved training program; or have five years of wealth management experience

and a bachelor’s degree; or ten years of wealth management experience. Wealth Management Experience is defined as direct client contact in the various facets of delivering financial planning and fiduciary services relating to trusts, estates, IRAs, and individual asset management accounts. This designation requires 45 continuing education credits every three years with a minimum of six hours in each of the four knowledge areas. The Cannon Trust School program is designed to facilitate the planning, implementation and administration of complex trusts including gift and estate taxes, advanced generation skipping, fiduciary income tax, and split interest and charitable trusts.

www.aba.com

Investment Adviser Certified Compliance Professional (IACCP®)

The NRS Investment Adviser Certified Compliance Professional® (IACCP®) program, co-sponsored by the Investment Adviser Association (IAA), is a professional education program granting the designation, Investment Adviser Certified Compliance Professional (IACCP®), to individuals who complete a program of study, pass a certifying examination, and meet its work experience, ethics and continuing education requirements.

The program, developed by NRS in 2005 and has been co-sponsored since 2007 by the Investment Adviser Association (IAA), acknowledges the heightened role of compliance and responds to growing industry demands for advanced compliance education and nationally recognized professional standard. The IACCP® is a comprehensive program that formalizes and standardizes the knowledge, skills, and ethical commitment of investment advisory compliance professionals.

www.nrs-inc.com

Certified Retirement Plan Professional® (CRPP®)

The Certified Retirement Plan Professional® is a certification for professionals working in Retirement Plan Administration in the public and private sectors. It is based on an established set of industry-wide competencies that cover the concepts, rules, regulations, laws, and standard operating procedures that the candidate should be proficient in the retirement plan services field.

www.cannonfinancial.com

FINRA Series 7 (General Securities Representative)

The General Securities Representative Qualification Examination (GS) — assesses the competency of an entry-level registered representative to perform their job as a general securities representative. The exam measures the degree to which each candidate possesses the knowledge needed to perform the critical functions of a general securities representative, including sales of corporate securities, municipal securities, investment company securities, variable annuities, direct participation programs, options and government securities. Candidates must pass the Securities Industry Essentials (SIE) exam and the Series 7 exam to obtain the General Securities Representative registration.

www.finra.org

FINRA Series 9 and 10 (General Securities Sales Supervisor)

The Series 9 and 10 exams — General Securities Sales Supervisor Qualification Exams (SU) —assess the competency of an entry-level principal to perform their job as a general securities sales supervisor. The exams measure the degree to which each candidate possesses the knowledge needed to perform the critical functions of a general securities sales supervisor, including the approval of customer accounts, training of sales and sales supervisory personnel and the maintenance of records. In addition to the Series 9 and 10 exams, candidates must pass the Securities Industry Essentials (SIE) Exam and the General Securities Representative Exam (Series 7) to hold the General Securities Sales Supervisor registration.

www.finra.org

FINRA Series 63 (Uniform Securities State Law Examination)

The Series 63 exam — the Uniform Securities State Law Examination — is a North American Securities Administrators Association (NASAA) exam administered by FINRA. The exam consists of 60 scored questions. Candidates have 75 minutes to complete the exam. In order for a candidate to pass the Series 63 exam, he/she must correctly answer at least 43 of the 60 scored questions.

www.finra.org

FINRA Series 65 (Uniform Securities State Law Examination)

The Series 65 exam — the NASAA Investment Advisers Law Examination — is a North American Securities Administrators Association (NASAA) exam administered by FINRA. The exam consists of 130 scored questions. Candidates have 180 minutes to complete the exam. In order for a candidate to pass the Series 65 exam, he/she must correctly answer at least 94 of the 130 scored questions. The Series 65 exam is designed to qualify candidates as investment adviser representatives. The exam covers topics that have been determined to be necessary to understand in order to provide investment advice to clients.

www.finra.org

FINRA Series 66 (Uniform Combined State Law Examination)

The Series 66 exam — the NASAA Uniform Combined State Law Examination — is a North American Securities Administrators Association (NASAA) exam administered by FINRA.  The exam consists of 100 scored questions. Candidates have 150 minutes to complete the exam. To pass the Series 66 exam, candidates must correctly answer at least 73 of the 100 scored questions.  There is no prerequisite for the Series 66 exam.  However, the Series 7 exam is a co-requisite to the Series 66 exam.

www.finra.org

Postgraduate Degrees

  • Master of Science in Accounting (MAcc)
  • Master of Science in Business Administration (MBA)

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